Livelihoods and Conservation: Good for the Fishers and the Fish
"Artisanal fishers catch 85% of the fish in Mozambique," says Maria Domingues, WWF-Mozambique’s shrimp and marine program officer. "But the pressures on these fishermen are increasing every day. In Angoche, for example, a few years ago there were only 10,000 fishers; now there are 12,500. As the concentration grows, we are looking at ways to help the fishermen and protect the fishery—like working with fishermen to help them travel to distant fishing grounds that are under less pressure.”
Another challenge, according to Maria, is that it now takes fishermen more time to catch the same amount of shrimp as they used to, so they just stay out at sea longer. “This,” she explains, “means the shrimp population is receiving the same amount of pressure. So we changed the rule: Rather than control the amount of shrimp caught, we limit the amount of time a boat can fish. So, ultimately, fewer shrimp are taken with each fishing trip— and the fishery gets a break"